Why does eating spicy foods make you hot and sweaty?When it comes to taste, we most often think about flavours: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, umami – but where do “hot” or spicy foods fit in? Strangely enough, what you experience when you bite into a hot pepper isn’t really a flavour – it’s actually something closer to pain.Chemicals in spicy foods, such as capsaicin, activate sensory nerves that respond to heat – even though there is no real temperature increase. This activity triggers responses that the body would usually have to heat: feeling hot and sweaty. Basically, spicy foods trick your brain into thinking that your body needs to be cooled down.Spicy foods are not the only foods that can trick the brain and body in this way. Peppermint and menthol also trick these sensory nerves, activating a response to cold instead of to heat. So that minty fresh feeling that you get when you chew peppermint gum isn’t so much a flavour as it is a nerve irritation.If you have a question for a scientist, please ask us on our Cool Science homepage.
Honey bees and 3D printers may create different structures but they both seem to use the same blueprints!3D printers build objects using hexagonal patterns that minimize the amount of material required while still creating stable but essentially hollow structures. This same hexagonal pattern is also used by honey bees, bumble bees, and wasps when creating the wax cells that make up their hives. The hexagonal cells provide a holding space for honey, pollen, water, and larvae but also provide enough structural stability to support the weight of 3–6 lbs of honey per frame!Learn more about the connection between 3D printers and bees by watching the Cool Science video.
Could you build your home in under an hour? If you and a friend were experienced igloo builders and you had the right type of snow, you could!As you may already know, an igloo is a domed shelter constructed from blocks of snow, but did you know that the word igloo comes from the Inuit word “iglu”, meaning house? In the Inuit language, the word iglu covers all types of houses and in some dialects, all types of buildings as well.Igloos were used because of the traditional lifestyle of the Inuit. Being nomadic, the Inuit could build a new igloo every time they changed locations. With snow being the most common material and all other building materials being scarce (i.e. wood, rocks, sod), the Inuit had to build their shelters out of snow. An igloo could be built fairly quickly; two experienced igloo builders could build one in under an hour.Igloos work well because of the way they are built: from the inside in a spiral that gives the igloo its strength. The igloo builder builds himself into the igloo and then cuts out the door from the inside. Heat from a small fire or body heat from the inhabitants warms the igloo, causing the inside to melt slightly. The inside will then refreeze when the inhabitants step out, creating an ice layer that adds to the igloo’s strength.A completed igloo is strong enough to hold a man. Thanks to the insulating properties of snow, the inside temperatures stay between -7°C and 16°C while the outside temperatures can drop to -45°C. Besides a door, igloos also have a small ventilation hole or holes cut into their roof to allow carbon dioxide to escape so that the occupants do not suffocate.Igloos were used for thousands of years and came in three main types:small temporary two man shelters for hunting,medium five man shelters for living, andlarge 30 man shelters for gatherings, usually made by connecting smaller shelters together.Today Inuit no longer live in igloos. Since the 1950’s, Inuit have lived in permanent communities, with homes, supermarkets and other such permanent structures.An igloo is not to be confused with a quinzee (or quinzhee). A quinzee is constructed by hollowing out a pile of slightly packed snow. Quinzees are not meant as permanent shelters like igloos but rather quick shelters when the time calls for it. An igloo is stronger than a quinzee due to its interlocking blocks stacked in the shape of a dome.Constructing a quinzee is also easier and usually faster than building an igloo and requires a different quality of snow. While an igloo needs hard packed, wind-blown snow about a foot deep, a quinzee requires slightly packed snow piled high enough to hollow it out without causing it to collapse. I think you’ll agree that both structures are really “cool” winter getaways.Igloos are fascinating structures that have been around for thousands of years. Although the Inuit no longer live in igloos, igloos are still a marvel of the North, a truly amazing feat of architecture.
Why do we get hiccups? What causes them? And what actually makes hiccups stop?Hiccups are a bit of a mystery. They are caused by involuntary contractions of your diaphragm. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that sits right below the lungs. When it contracts normally, it helps your lungs to draw in air; it relaxes to help you exhale. The actual “hic” sound of a hiccup happens when your vocal chords snap shut and cut off that sharp intake of air that usually comes with that sudden diaphragm contraction.The mystery of hiccups is why they happen: no one is really sure what causes the diaphragm to spasm in the first place. Some have suggested that it might be an evolutionary leftover from before lung respiration developed in humans (think of how tadpoles gulp); others think it might be a reflex developed to coordinate drinking milk and breathing in infants. Regardless the cause, there are certain behaviours that definitely trigger hiccups in some people, such as eating too quickly, laughing, or consuming certain foods such as pop, alcohol, and spicy or dry foods. Chronic hiccups can also be a symptom for other medical conditions.I wish I could suggest a universal cure for hiccups, but unfortunately there is no one cure that works consistently for every person. Basically, classic hiccup cures – drinking from the wrong side of a cup, holding your breath, swallowing a spoonful of dry sugar or peanut butter, or getting a scare – work by distracting you and forcing you to concentrate on something other than your hiccups. Respiratory system image drawn by Theresa Knott.If you have a question for a scientist, please ask us on our Cool Science homepage!
In June 2013, our female Gray Ratsnake laid eggs and two months later, they hatched, marking the first time that snakes were hatched at Science North! Ten snakelets emerged and they are doing great. While they started at about 30 cm long, they can potentially grow up to almost 2 metres long! Check out the video below to learn more about these snakelets and Gray Ratsnakes.
It may not be a mouse in your house!Have you ever gotten a glimpse of a small grey furry critter running out from the stack of boxes in the corner of your basement? Your first thought was probably, "Drats! I have a mouse in my house!" The truth is it may not be a mouse. It may not even be a rodent: it could be a shrew.A shrew is a small insectivore, not a rodent, and at first glance resembles a mouse until you notice its short furry tail, tiny eyes, even smaller ears, and a sharp pointed face. Mice, on the other hand, have a long, sparsely furry tail, large round eyes, and large ears. These two critters also differ in their choices of food. A mouse is primarily an herbivore, eating seeds, roots, and leaves with the occasional beetle or worm mixed in. A shrew will occasionally eat seeds and fruit, but is mostly carnivorous, eating beetles, earthworms, millipedes, small snakes, and mice. So technically speaking, you definitely won't have a mouse problem if you have a shrew around.Even though mice have much better senses of smell, sight, and hearing than shrews, the shrew has some very cool adaptations. A shrew is venomous. The duck-billed platypus and solenodon are the only other venomous mammals alive today. The venom is produced in a modified saliva gland and channeled into the prey by two small grooves in the lower incisors. The venom is a neurotoxin designed to immobilize prey, although harmless to humans and pets.Shrews also have the ability to echolocate, just like bats and whales. Having such small eyes and ears and being mostly nocturnal, the shrew uses a variety of sounds to help it navigate its surroundings and locate food. Shrews have to eat three times their own body weight in food every day just to keep up with their amazingly fast metabolism, so these adaptations make sure they never miss a meal.The northern short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda) is one of the most common shrews in North America. So the next time you see that flash of grey scurrying around your basement, just remind yourself of "your friend" the shrew.If you have a question for a scientist, please ask us on our Cool Science homepage.Photo Credit: USGS
How many snowflakes have fallen in the history of Earth?My math skills are really being put to the test on this question, but some mathematical modelling presented at the Eastern Snow Conference in 2006 estimates that 3 followed by 38 zeroes of snowflakes have fallen on our planet to date. That's a HUGE number!This is calculated by using smaller estimates of the number of snowflakes that fall within a given volume of snow. Researchers were able to calculate this based on how many molecules of water (H2O) are in an average snowflake. This would then give the average weight of a snowflake (0.000000042 grams). The average water density of freshly fallen snow is about 12% which means that 1 cubic centimeter of snow weighs 0.12 grams. Using the average amount of snowfall on the planet each year, the scientists were able to estimate that 6.6 followed by 27 zeroes of snowflakes fall each year. Taking that number and multiplying it by 4.5 billion years of our planet's existence gave the scientists the astronomical number of 3 followed by 38 zeroes as the number of snowflakes to have fallen on the planet. Scientist write this as: 3x10^38.Photo credit: Kenneth G. Libbrecht, CaltechIf you have a question for a scientist, please ask us on our Cool Science homepage!
Most people have no idea what Charles Darwin, the grandfather of evolution, was really like before he published his famous work. His ideas provided the vehicle to explain the variation in species observed across time and geographical space, but he was anything but obscure among his contemporaries prior to this. He attended medical school and apprenticed as a doctor, was a taxidermist, studied, marine invertebrate anatomy, studied natural philosophy and even trained to be a religious leader. This was all prior to famous voyage aboard the HMS Beagle to the Galapagos Islands. By the end of that journey, he would add distinguished geologist and writer to his list of accomplishments. This was two decades prior to completion of his seminal work, On the Origin of Species.Darwin built a name for himself in the same tradition as renaissance men like Leonardo da Vinci and Nicolaus Copernicus: great thinkers whose love for exploration of the natural world refused to be limited to a particular field. The genius of these men was not in the depth of their focus, but rather the span of ideas which they were able to incorporate. As a result, they were able to revolutionize human thinking. Indeed the theory of evolution has been revolutionary. Described as biology’s unifying theory – the theory that brings the interdependent but distinct ideas of natural selection and species variation into coherent harmony - its discovery has allowed us incredible understanding of our past and ability to control our future. The search for a unifying theory in chemistry and physics – a theory to explain the interaction of forces on the cosmic and quantum scales – is one that science continues to struggle with. Are discoveries of this magnitude achievable with the current paradigm for focused engagement with science? From Darwin to da Vinci, science has often benefited because of the generality with which we have approached understanding. Today’s workplace training and educational systems seem to push those who engage with science more and more into deep specialization. Will highly specialized focus yield fruit when it comes to understanding the larger mysteries of the universe?We want to know what you think about this! Join us Feb. 11th at 7:30 p.m. at The Laughing Buddha, where Science North will be hosting a public Science Cafe on the topic. Admission is free and snacks will be served. Visit our Science Cafe webpage for more details.
Roaches seem to be one of the least favorite pests along with mosquitoes, mice and rats in North America and have a bad reputation. But did you know in other areas of the world, roaches are considered beneficial in many ways?Roaches are extremely important as food for many birds, lizards, rodents and other small animals. They are primitive insects that have thrived for 320 million years, millions of years before the age of the dinosaurs, and have evolved very little since. Roaches play an important role in the recycling of decaying plant and animal matter. In the South American jungles, a single species of forest roach contributes up to 6% of the recycling of decaying plant matter. They are omnivores, which means they eat anything, and they are scavengers, eating organic material that's been left behind.Some species of roaches are even pollinators of certain rainforest plants. Actually some roaches, especially the tropical rainforest species, are quite beautiful.Because of their relatively large size and ease of rearing, roaches are the most commonly used specimens in studies of insect behavior, physiology, anatomy and morphology. Some have even become popular as pets.There are more than 4000 species of cockroach in the world. The World Health Organization list only 10 of those species as pests.Our fear of roaches and other undesirable creatures is a learned response. Children under four years of age have not associated fear or disgust with anything until we show or tell them how to act.You'll often hear about how roaches carry disease and spread it. They are not natural carriers but a possible vector of transmission ONLY if they walk or eat where the disease already is, much like you get colds from touching something or someone who has the virus on them.Allergies are another trouble spot but only from the feces, skins and pheromones left behind. Many people are also allergic to skin casts and pheromones of others arthropods like dust mites, ladybugs and feces of all sorts of animals. This is usually heightened by living in smaller spaces with a larger number of people and poor sanitation.I hope this gives you pause to think about a creature that really is only doing his job, filling an important role in the ecosystem. Maybe next time you see one, your face may not have the same kind of grimace on it and you will understand a little more about the important role of cockroaches.
How do you make an outdoor rink in Los Angeles?Hockey fans across the United States and Canada have been enjoying a series of hockey games played outdoors. One of these games took place in Los Angeles, California. The question on deck: how do you create an ice surface large enough and strong enough to accommodate twelve large hockey players in the warm southern California climate with daytime temperatures reaching 20°C?The whole process takes several days of working solely at night, when the sun is down and the outside temperature is much cooler. First wood blocks and decking is used to make the desired surface level. A layer of plywood is then added. This provides the base for the rink.80 aluminum trays are then layered on top of the plywood. These trays are later filled with glycol coolant. Glycol coolant is used to transfer heat. A truck parked nearby will pump the coolant through the trays effectively removing heat from the ice surface allowing it to cool below freezing. Sensors in the aluminum cooling trays keep track of the ice temperature.Boards are fixed to the surface and then up to 75,000 litres (approximately 20,000 gallons) of water are poured slowly and evenly until about 5 cm (2 in) of ice builds up. Lines are then painted onto the surface just as on a regular NHL rink. The whole process takes about eight to ten nights to complete.A large heat and light-reflecting blanket is put onto the surface of the ice each day. Temperatures at night drop to below 10°C which is plenty cool enough to keep the ice frozen with the installed cooling system.The LA Times used a very cool animated graphic to help explain the process. Check it out!If you have a question for a scientist please ask us on our Cool Science webpage!
What are these round balls I've seen on plant stems?These are galls (outgrowths) on goldenrod, a flowering plant found throughout North America. These galls are quite common and are caused by an insect called the Goldenrod Gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis).The female Goldenrod Gall fly lays an egg within the stem. The egg hatches and the larva (immature fly) produces a chemical that stimulates growth within the stem which results in the formation of a gall. The insect consumes the tissues and fluids of the plant. The larva also uses the gall to overwinter and to protect it against predators.One interesting thing to note is that Goldenrod galls are all the same size. The reason behind this is because of the predators that feed upon the larva. Predators that eat the larva include a beetle (Mordellisteria unicolor), two parasitic wasp species (Eurytoma gigantean and Eurytoma obtusiventris) and birds such as woodpeckers and chickadees. If the gall is too small, insect predators can easily penetrate into it. On the other hand, if the gall is too big, birds can easily see them and break them apart. Evolutionary pressures by predators have resulted in galls being the “perfect” size - large enough to protect against insect predators but small enough to stay hidden from birds.If you have a question for a scientist, please ask us on our Cool Science homepage!
Brrrrrrrr! This has been a chilly winter. We've been hearing of this phenomenon called a polar vortex that has been afflicting bone-chilling temperatures across most of eastern North America. While this weather phenomenon is out of the ordinary, it's not the first time it has occurred and it certainly won't be the last. Even though we're experiencing lower than normal temperatures, this is not an indication that our global average temperature is decreasing. In fact, the increased frequency of the polar vortex may be directly link to an increase in global temperature.As global temperatures rise, the greatest changes we see are happening at the poles, including the Arctic. Normally, the cold polar vortex swirls around the Arctic. At times, changes in the jet stream or areas of high pressure can push the vortex further south into North America. As the Arctic warms, the difference in temperature between the Arctic and the mid-latitudes diminishes, which causes the boundary of the vortex to get wavy and wiggly. Sometimes these waves can grow into longer fingers that stretch southward across the continent, bringing the cold Arctic air with it.One weather event is not evidence for changes in climate, but if the climate continues to change as models predict, as the planet warms, we could experience more Arctic-like weather.
The planet Mars is associated with the colour red in many different languages and stories throughout human history, because of its vivid appearance in the night sky. What gives the “red planet” its characteristic colour? The simple answer is rust.Heavy MetalMars, like the Earth and the other terrestrial (rocky) planets in our solar system, has minerals containing iron in its crust. The iron was part of the vast cloud of dust and gas that collapsed under its own gravity to form the sun and all the planets. Metallic iron looks dark and shiny, but it can also combine with other elements to form different minerals in a variety of colours. When iron is exposed to oxygen, it forms iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), also known as rust, which is red in colour. Unlike the Earth, Mars has only a tiny amount of oxygen gas (O2) in its atmosphere. Oxygen on Mars is instead found mostly in carbon dioxide (CO2) and some water vapour (H2O).From Rust to DustThe rust on the rocks breaks down into dust that gets carried around the planet by frequent wind storms, resulting in a thin layer of fine red powder coating almost everything on the surface. Underneath this layer of dust, however, Mars rocks can be many different colours.The inside of a rock broken open by the wheels of the Mars rover Curiosity.Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/ASUThe powdered rust is also blown into the air by the dust storms. This atmospheric dust gives Mars its red colour when viewed from space (or from the Earth). It also turns the sky a yellowish brown, or sometimes pink, by absorbing and scattering sunlight.Image Credit: NASA/JPLIf you have a question for a scientist, ask us on our Cool Science homepage!
What does a fox say?I actually know what a fox “says”. But to answer this question, we need to better understand the biology and ecology of foxes.Foxes belong to a group of mammals known as canids, which includes wolves, coyotes, jackals, and dogs. Like all canids, foxes can bark, growl, yelp, and howl. They produce these sounds whenever they're attracting mates (howls), during territorial disputes (growls), warning pups of danger (barks), or pups having fun with other members of their family (yelps).Generally, foxes tend to be quiet and rarely produce sounds. There are three major reasons for this:foxes are solitary animals have no need to communicate with other members of their species on a regular basis;foxes hunt and eat small animals such as small rodents, hares and birds. Being quiet makes it easier for them to capture their prey;foxes live in areas with other large predators such as wolves, coyotes, cougars and bears. These animals, when given a chance, will kill and eat fox. Being quiet is a matter of life and death when living with other large predators.A quiet fox can find food without being eaten himself. So now you know what a fox says. The answer? Not very much.
Why does the porcupine smell like body odour?Both male and female porcupines defend territories. Females defend larger territories than males and often, the males’ territories will over lap. They mark their territory by urinating, which warns other males to stay away while at the same time attracts females. Their mating season is between October and November so during this time their odour becomes stronger. Our porcupine Quillan has thoroughly marked his territory here at Science North and that is why he has such a strong odour.Another interesting fact about porcupine urine is during their mating season, a male will urinate on a receptive female.If you have a question for a scientist, ask us on our Cool Science homepage!
Every month, we recap the previous month's top local science stories. Sometimes it's about billion year old water. Sometimes it's about asteroids or neutrinos. Sometimes it's about worms. This month, it's about throat singing at Science North, mysterious turtle deaths, and mass extinction events.Inuit throat singers to be featured in museum karaoke boothScience North's upcoming Arctic Voices exhibit is already making waves:“Now we’re going to show you how to throat sing,” says Lynda Brown, to no one really, just a video camera. “Say ‘Hum-ma.’” She pauses, smiles. “Excellent!” she says. “Now say Hum-ma again, using your monster voice.” She demonstrates by saying “Hum-ma, Hum-ma” in a throaty way.Manitoulin Island turtle deaths worry researchersResearchers at Laurentian University in Sudbury say they are stumped in the case of more than 50 dead turtles found on Manitoulin Island.The turtles were found by a Ministry of Natural Resources scientist earlier this year and, so far, the cause of death is unknown.A Laurentian herpetologist — a researcher who studies amphibians and reptiles — is working on the investigation.“At least in Canada, as far as I know, nobody has ever seen such a large number of turtles killed without an obvious reason,” Jacqueline Litzgus said.How to combat the next great extinction eventWith species now vanishing at 1,000 times the rate they did before humans became the big threat to life on Earth, scientists and philosophers from around the world met this month at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ont., to discuss the best way to combat what amounts to the sixth great extinction event in the planet’s history.HEY! Do you live in Northern Ontario and work in SCIENCE?If so, we want to hear about your work. Email me, Mario, at email@example.com to tell me about your research. If we think it would be interesting and relevant to our readers, we'll include it in our next monthly post about local science.
We know that potato chips taste salty, coffee tastes bitter, and lemons taste sweet.Wait... sweet?Lemons can taste sweet, if you trick your taste buds - and it's a lot easier to do than you might think.One way to change the way that you perceive taste is by sampling miracle berries. Miracle berries are small, red berries that grow in West Africa. When you eat a berry - either fresh or dried - the fruit coats your tongue and a protein called miraculin binds to your tongue's sweet taste receptors. These receptors send signals to your brain whenever you eat something sweet. At your mouth's normal pH level, these proteins are inactive, but when you introduce an acidic food that lowers the mouth's pH, the protein changes shape and activates the sweet taste receptors.Most acidic foods, like lemon or vinegar, usually taste sour or bitter, but when miraculin is present, the sweet taste receptors are activated and you perceive them as tasting sweet.The effects of miraculin last for about an hour.These berries might have some very useful applications: it is thought that miraculin might be mass-produced as a low-calorie artificial sweetener and flavour enhancer. This could be especially beneficial for diabetics and for people who would like to lose weight but want to avoid a bland diet. Another interesting application is use in conjunction with chemotherapy; evidently, miraculin helps to remove the metallic taste that is sometimes a side effect of the treatment.Finally, miraculin isn't the only chemical that can trick your taste buds. Cynarin - a non-protein compound found in artichokes - can make other food ingredients taste sweeter. This reaction is not as long-lasting as that of miraculin, but if you're curious, try eating artichoke and then taking a drink of water. The water just might taste sweeter!
If you hear the words ‘courtesy’, ‘parliament’ and ‘Timbits’, what do you think of? What if we add the word ‘snow’. A lot of snow. Chances are you’re thinking of our great and snowy nation, Canada – the true North strong and free. Not only is Canada’s North an integral part of our Canadian identity, it’s an integral part of our physical geography as well. Making up 40% of Canada’s landmass and the second largest national share of arctic landmass as a whole, the Canadian Arctic is an indispensably important part of understanding incredibly complex arctic ecosystem.That proud responsibility has been magnified in 2012 when Canada took on the role of Chair of the Arctic Council – an intergovernmental forum for addressing issues facing the Arctic. The council’s mandate is no small challenge considering the remarkable and devastating impact climate change is having on the Arctic in particular. Ice in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago is melting at an alarming rate of approximately 61 gigatonnes per year. Shifts like these threaten Arctic ecology and Canadian identity. But addressing these changes is an enormous problem. Less than 1% of Canada’s population resides in the Canadian Arctic. Most of us will never have the chance to visit the Arctic. So stories from scientists, film makers, traditional communities and commercial exploration are woven together to create our understanding of these changes happening in the Arctic. Often these stories can contradict one another and are subject to the biases, financial interests and political ideologies reporting them. So which stories should comprise the data that will inform Canada’s and the world’s strategy in protecting Arctic ecosystems and the Canadian identity? Share and explore your thoughts, opinions, beliefs or questions December 3rd at The Laughing Buddha, where Science North will be hosting a public Science Café on the topic. Admission is free and snacks will be served. Visit sciencenorth.ca/cafe for details.
As winter moves in, we’ve been getting a lot of questions about how reptiles and other ectothermic (cold-blooded) animals survive the winter. Do they migrate like birds? Do they freeze solid? Do they hibernate? Here's a Cool Science blog post that Staff Scientist Bruce Doran wrote on November 21, 2012 that answers what these unique animals will do to survive the plummeting winter temperatures.Bruce writes:Many invertebrates (animals without backbones) such as snails, worms, insects and spiders deal with the cold in several ways. Some of them will try to escape the cold weather by digging deep into the soil below the frost line. Others survive in their immature forms in the water underneath the ice layer of lakes and rivers. But most will survive by allowing themselves to freeze during the winter.Want to learn more? Read the rest of Bruce's original post.If you have a question for a scientist, ask us on our Cool Science homepage!
Why do you keep animals at Science North? Wouldn't they be happier in the wild?On the third floor of our Science Centre is the Northern Ecosystems area. This area is completely devoted to the plants, animals and science of the ecosystems of Northern Ontario. Some of the live animals you may have a chance to meet include our porcupine, beaver, striped skunk, Northern flying squirrels, big brow bats, various snakes, turtles, fish and Eastern Screech Owls. But why do we have them? Good question!Many folks are not aware that with the exception of some of our frogs and fish, none of the animals we have at Science North could actually live a healthy life in the wild. We do not remove any animals from the wild to be kept at Science North, so all of our animals have come to us under special circumstances; some were found as orphans, others were confiscated as they were being kept illegally or sold as pets, some have permanent injuries and others were bred in captivity. The one thing they all have in common is that none of them are candidates for reintroduction into the wild.Unfortunately, when an animal is permanently handicapped by an injury or becomes too habituated to people (or lacks a natural fear of people), it often cannot be successfully rehabilitated into the wild. This is either because its injury makes it impossible for the animal to physically survive in the wild or its habituation to people would pose a danger to humans and the animal. In those cases, if there is no alternative facility or sanctuary in which to place the animal, the animal is often euthanized. This is where a facility like ours offers another option for that animal to live a full life, under our expert care where the animal can receive any special medical or behavioral attention they might require.Our animals also play an important role in helping us to educate the public about their species. It is not by coincidence that many of the animals we choose to place at Science North are species that are commonly misunderstood like skunks, beavers, porcupines and snakes. By meeting and seeing these animals up close, many of our visitors gain a new appreciation and understanding for these unique animals. It is for this reason that we also refer to our animals as ambassadors for their species.If you have a question for a scientist, go to our Cool Science webpage and click on “Ask a Scientist”!
Got a science question? We've got answers.
Your email address (so we can reply to you):
We will be the leader among science centres in providing inspirational, educational and entertaining science experiences.
100 Ramsey Lake Road
Sudbury, ON P3E 5S9 Canada
Fax: (705) 522-4954
Proud member of:
Science North is an agency of the Government of Ontario. Dynamic Earth is a Science North attraction. IMAX® is registered trademark of IMAX Corporation. Science North is a not-for-profit and a registered charity.